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eway bill limit

E-way bill is mandatory to be generated if value to goods to be transported is more than Rs. 50,000/- per consignment.

It is to be generated by consigner, consignee or transporter.

In this article, we will discuss a case, where:

  • Under single consignment 
  • By a single consigner 
  • Under a single conveyance 
  • But multiple bill 
  • Having value of individual bill of less than 50,000 Rs.
  • But aggregate value is above 50000 Rs.

whether the E-way bill needs to be generated for all the invoice or not.

Conditions For Generating E-way Bill:

  • The person generating E-way bill is required to be registered on E-way Bill portal
  • If the transporter is not registered on GST portal, still he has to register on E-way bill portal before generating E-way Bill.
  • Whenever goods having consignment value exceeding Rs. 50000/-
  •  Part A of E-way bill is to be filled before commencement of movement of goods.
  • In following cases, E-way bill is required to be mandatorily generate
  • Inter-state transfer of goods from Principal to Job-worker
  • Inter-state transfer of handicraft goods by person exempted from obtaining registration.

Case Law
Bon Cargos Pvt. Ltd. Vs Union of India (Kerala High court).

Under this case, goods of the conveyance were detained during transportation as the transporter was not having E-way bill for all the invoices with him.

The officer who detained the goods was of opinion that the petitioner deliberately made invoice of small amounts so that he can escape the E-way bill generation.

The individual value of only one invoice was above Rs.50000, and remaining invoices were below Rs. 50000.

So, the transporter was having E-way bill only of the invoice with value more than 50,000 and not of others.

Because, normally, people are of an impression that limit of Rs. 50000 is per invoice.

Also, there are the suppliers of goods who purposely issue multiple invoices with value less than 50,000 each, so that they will be exempted from generating E-way bill.

But in this case, the goods were detained on the grounds that, it was a single conveyance with same consignment with value above 50000.

His goods were detained and were required to pay the fine and penalty to total amount of Rs. 20274/-

Thus, the appellant filed a writ to high court pleading that the consigner or consignee is required to fill and generate Part A of Form GST EWB-01 before commencement of movement of goods and part B of same form is to be generated within 72 hours of commencement of movement of goods in case value of invoice crosses Rs. 50000. The value of only one invoice was above Rs. 50000 and for which Part B was generated, remaining invoices were below 50000.

Also, all the invoices were of different categories, so it was not possible to generate same Invoice and E-way bill in aggregate.

Sr. No

Invoice Number

Type of Good

HSN No

Value of Invoice

e-Way Bill
status

1

MD14112/12-20

Flusg Mounting Metal Glass Box1

8538

Rs. 8036/-

Part A updated

2

MD14116/19-20

13AMP International Socket electric Grey

8536

Rs. 37552/-

Part A updated

3

MD14134/19-20

2 Way Switch glossy white

8536

Rs. 71379/-

Part A+ Part B updated

4

MD14139/19*20

Wavio Wood Walnut

8538

Rs. 10726/-

Part A updated

The petitioner was of the contention that Part B is required to be generated only when Value of the invoice is more than Rs. 50000, otherwise only Part A generation will suffice.

Below Rs. 50000, Part A and Part B of E-way Bill is optional at the choice of the party and not mandatory.

Therefore, from the above table, it can be said that only the 3rd item is subject to E-way bill as its invoice value is Rs. 71379/-.

Remaining three items are with the value less than Rs.50000.So, the consigner updated part-A, but the transporter did not update part-B of E-way bill.

The transporter was not having E-way bill for these invoices, and after verification the officer detained the goods and levied fees and penalty on such invoices.

The Kerala High court held that,

  • The petitioner was of the intention that the value of goods did not exceed Rs 50000 in invoice. Also, single invoice could not be generated for various type of goods. So, the transporter generated E-way bill only for one invoice having value more than 50000. He was not with malicious intent to escape tax liability and generating E-way Bill.
  • On the other hand, the detaining officer, was not satisfied with the explanation of transporter for not generating E-way bill, as it was same consignment and not different consignment. So, the value in aggregate was more than Rs.50000. He was required to generate E-way bill.

The Kerala High court decided that,

  • The transporter was not required to generate E-way bill for consignment value of less than Rs. 50000, even though the aggregate value in conveyance is above Rs. 50000 because the goods were not of same type.
  • The tax and penalty of Rs. 20274/- levied on the petitioner was not finalised in accordance with law.-    Some of the points mentioned by petitioner required serious consideration while finalising the adjudication proceedings in pursuance of detention order.
  • The court is of the opinion that the matter is still at the detention stage of goods and vehicle, and it would not be appropriate for the court to pass the judgement at such an early stage.
  • Therefore, it was ordered by the court to release the detained goods and vehicle.
  • The petitioner was asked to provide bank guarantee to GST department for the amount of Rs. 20274/-
  • The adjudicating authority was asked to finalise the adjudication proceedings and permit the petitioner to submit written submissions and shall be granted opportunity of being heard.
  • The adjudicating authority shall consider all the contentions of petitioner before finalising the order.

Conclusion

In this case we can conclude that, since the goods were not of same type, the consigner was allowed not to generate E-way bill.

Had the type of goods of the single consignment been same, E-way bill was required to be generated for the total value.

Hope this article was helpful to you


About the author

Hema is a Chartered Accountant who is having about Eight years of experience in taxation and accounting. She is in practicing as a Chartered Accountant since 2020. She is a writer by passion and thus shares her experience and knowledge through her articles at various platform. Predominantly her area of interest is GST. Since GST is a very new concept for India, every practitioner is looking for clarity in this area. She likes to share her experience with everyone and therefore tries to put them in form of articles. Apart from this, she is also well-worsed in Financial market.

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